Why Did Germany Sign an Armistice Agreement with the Allies
The armistice of 11 November 1918 was the armistice signed at Francport near Compiègne, which ended the fighting on land, at sea and in the air between the Allies and their last adversary, Germany, during the First World War. Earlier ceasefires had been agreed with Bulgaria, the Ottoman Empire and the Austro-Hungarian monarchy. Also known as the Armistice of Compiègne from the place where it was signed at 5:45 am.m. .m by the Allied commander-in-chief, French Marshal Ferdinand Foch, it entered into force at 11:00.m .m. The Paris period of 11 November 1918 marked a victory for the Allies and a defeat for Germany, although formally not a surrender. For the Allies, the personnel involved were exclusively military. The two signatories were: A Reliable Source article created in collaboration with Oxford University An American doctor, Stanhope Bayne-Jones, could suddenly hear water flowing from a bush next to him. “It seemed mysterious, queer, unbelievable,” he later recalled, according to a report on the U.S. National Library of Medicine website.
“All the men knew what silence meant, but no one shouted or threw their hat in the air.” It took hours for reality to penetrate. The First World War – the bloodiest conflict in human history with more than 8.5 million military casualties – was finally over. It took three days to complete the details; Germany would surrender all its artillery, all its machine guns, its fleet of six battlecruisers, ten battleships, eight light cruisers, fifty destroyers and its submarines and air forces of seventeen hundred aircraft. He would retire to his original borders. The British public was informed of the ceasefire by an official press release at 10:20 a.m. .m .m, when British Prime Minister David Lloyd George announced, “The ceasefire was signed at five a.m. this morning, and hostilities are scheduled to end at 11 a.m..m on all fronts at 11 a.m. .m .m.” An official statement was issued by the United States at 2:30 p.m. .m.
“In accordance with the terms of the ceasefire, hostilities on the fronts of the US armies were suspended at eleven o`clock this morning.”  In 1918, the British people, like many others across Europe, were struggling to survive. Naval blockades had prevented the supplied ships from reaching land, and with the men in the war farms and factories, they could not meet the demand. It`s important to remember that even with celebrations and joy, it would take them a long time to return to some kind of normality. Thousands of soldiers were still stationed abroad and there were not enough trains to get everyone home quickly. After the United States entered the war in 1917, the tide turned decisively in favor of the Allies. In September 1918, German generals informed Emperor Wilhelm and his chancellor, Prince Max of Baden, that the war was lost. Two months later, the British and French governments demanded that the Germans sign an armistice or face an Allied invasion. But this was not the end of the war. Peace was only an interlude before the outbreak of the Second World War. In an action reminiscent of symbolism, Hitler agreed on September 22. In June 1940, the France went in the same wagon. Germany`s spring offensive of 1918 brought them territory, but depleted their supplies and reinforcements, and the Allies pushed them back with the immensely successful “100 Days” campaign.
There have been very few negotiations. The Germans were able to correct some impossible demands (for example, the dismantling of more submarines than their fleet possessed), extended the withdrawal schedule, and recorded their formal protest against the harsh Allied conditions. But they could not refuse to sign. On Sunday, November 10, 1918, the German newspapers in Paris were shown to inform them that the emperor had abdicated. On the same day, Ebert ordered Erzberger to sign. The cabinet had already received a message from Paul von Hindenburg, the head of the German high command, calling for the signing of the armistice, even though Allied conditions could not be improved.   The ceasefire was signed at 5:12 a.m. .m .m. .